They are called safety glass or safe glass, do not expel sharp splinters, in case of breakage.
That’s what he wants in case of rupture doesn’t pose a potential danger of causing injuries or serious injuries to people.
We generally associate safety as a synonym for protection, which relates directly to glasses of which their properties are difficult to pass on by impacts, whether objects or people.
There are several types of safety glass, but the most devised by architects and used in construction are as follows.
Laminated glass consists of the bonding of two or more glasses (sheets) through the use of a special glue called butyral polyvinyl or PVB, a plastic material with excellent qualities of adhesion, elasticity, transparency and resistance. This gives the window an improvement in sound insulation and also in safety. The latter is because if for any reason the glass breaks, the pieces of glass do not fall off and are scattered on the ground, but remain glued to the sturdy PVB glue (as is the case with the car moons). This provides protection against possible intruders in our home and also prevents domestic accidents, as there is no risk of cutting or nailing a piece of glass.
It is possible to make different combinations with this type of glass, in the laminar glass you can have different types of thickness 3+3, 4+4, 5+5 etc., also different types of sheets 4+4+6, 6+4+6, 6+6+4+6 etc., can also be combined with an double glazing, thus increasing acoustic and thermal insulation.
Tempering is a glass that gradually heats up to a temperature between 575 and 635 Celsius degrees and then cools quickly with air. In this way it is possible to ensure that the glass is exposed on its surface to compression stresses and inside it at tensile pressures, giving it greater structural resistance and impact than the untreated glass, having the additional advantage that in case of breakage is fragmented into small harmless pieces (so it is considered one of the types of safety glass).
The armed glass is that glass that is obtained by the casting process and is embedded inside a metal mesh in the form of a grid, so that, if broken, the pieces of glass are attached to the wire preventing its fall and that these can cause injury. This makes it suitable for risky areas and where additional security is needed, although it is not an anti-theft glass.